It is a well known fact that Africa is famous for its tourism industry. The main tourist spots in Africa are –The Masai Mara in Kenya, Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe, Pyramids of Giza in Egypt (included in Seven Wonders of the World), Cape Town in South Africa, Marrakech in Morocco, Omo River Region in Ethiopia, Virunga Mountains in Uganda, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Zanzibar in Tanzania.
Mali is yet another place in Africa famous for its ancient history. Mali may be poor in wealth but it has a rich history of its own. It lies in Western Africa and covers nearly 1.25 million sq km. The capital of Mali is Bamako. Mali has near about 13 million people most of whom are Muslims. The official language of Mali is French. Mali tourism is thus preferred for its diversity of culture and heritage.
History Of Mali:
Archaeologists have collected enough evidence to suggest that Mali has been inhabited long back. Sahara desert was grassland at that point of time and it supported wide variety of wildlife. West African empires used to control the important Saharan trade routes that funnelled gold, diamond, salt, slaves and other important goods.
Mali was a part of the West African empires ruled by the Sahelian Kingdom. Mali Empire was established in the later part of the 14th century on the upper Niger. The city of Djene situated on an island in the Niger River was the centre of imparting Islamic education to the people.
The trade route in Mali declined in the 19th century on the invasion of the European powers. Mali became a colony of French government and it was not until 1960 that Mali became independent. After which Africa tourism has increased in a steep graph.
Climate Of Mali:
The city of Keyes joins the two climatic regions of Mali, desert and grassland. The city is roughly the meeting point of the climate change. The rainfall in the south of Sudanese region is greater compared to its northern zone that borders the desert. The annual rainfall is nearly 50-60 mm in south as compared to a mere 8-10 mm in northern region of Sudan.
Photo Credit: Climateinvestmentfunds.org
In this region the maximum temperatures reach in the months of April, May, June whereas hot, dry winds blow during the month of December. The average temperature is nearly 31 degree C in Mali. Agriculture is unsuitable for nearly 40%-50% of the country.
November-February months are cooler than rest of the months in the year chart. June-October period defines the rainfall season. Therefore Africa travel is mainly preferred in the rainy season.
Tourist Spots in Mali:
Timbuktu is an ancient city of Mali is home to three of the oldest mosques in West Africa as well as several museums. It is a land of mystery and seclusion for which visitors are drawn to this city.
Photo Credit: Journeys.travel
It has already been declared by the UNESCO as a world heritage site. It is a home to Tuareg camps. Being the centre of trade and learning activities it is well known place in Mali for Salt import as well.
Djenne founded in 801 A.D. is one of the heritage sites of Mali. It is also an important trading centre, after Timbuktu, where traders found it an easy route to shift goods between Sahara desert and Guinea.
It has also become a centre of Islamic study and it has the largest mud built Mosque in the world which is spectacular to watch.
It is a river town which has a very busy harbour and market place. Both the important cities of Mali, Timbuktu and Djene can be reached from this place through the river route.
Photo Credit: Accda.com
Mount Hombori (3,782 feet) is close to this river port which is also the highest mountain peak of the country. Mopti has an international airport as well.
Dogon Country in south central Mali is home to the Dogon people who have lived in the area for nearly 999 years now. Bandiagara Cliffs a famous tourist spot in the Dogon has soaring cliffs and captivating culture which draws several tourists.
Bamoko is Mali’s capital city and one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Bamoko is also the centre of Mali’s varied music scene made famous by such musicians as Sal if Keita.
The places mentioned above are delightful to watch. People over here are very friendly and have a unique culture that tourist love to discover.
Transport facilities in this region are scanty but there are a few good travel agencies from where you can hire a four wheel drivable and get a trusted diver cum guide. Although bus travel is not advisable and railway system is in a state of utter wreck, still you can go about places if you plan your trip cleverly.
For instance you can enjoy comfortable river travel in fast boats or hire taxis from hotel desk to commute at your free will. Bittar and Bani are reliable bus services which are good options for intercity travel Regular flights travel from Europe from the airports of Marseille and Paris and air fare is cheap.
Food and Drink in Mali:
The weather is the major factor that governs the food and drink of the place. Malian dish is very famous that includes rice and sauce. Otherwise food over here is not so delicious and tourists have to dwell on synthetic foods. Malian is a semi-desert place so there is scarcity of water.
Photo Credit: Continenttours.com
As Mali is half deserted the water in this region have high rate of saline which the tourist cannot consume the water. They need packaged drinking water because of the poor quality of water available here.
Also tourists are often advised to consume food from well established hygienic restaurants and avoid road side shanty eateries where cleanliness is always prevalent. So Africa travel is not that easy one may find it to be.
Africa’s fastest mounting city, Mali (modern Bamako’s pulsing heart) is spread with large cultural diversity round its corner. Tourists are attracted to know more about their culture and also the rich history the city encloses within itself.