Sudan is the largest country in Africa, hence the plants and animals of Sudan spread across the vast tracts of forests and mountain valleys. The variety and abundance of wildlife along with the rich native plants offer an astonishing ecology.
The medical properties contained in leaves, flowers, seeds, roots, barks, stems, fruits and vegetable items do make Sudan the hub of home remedies and the employment rate increases, e.g. production of plants like umbilefferous, rosella, senna etc. involve a lot of hand labor. Wildlife Tourism is another economy booster. All in all, the economic fabric of the country is safely guarded by the flora and fauna.
Large quantities of plants are exported annually in the form of herbal remedy. Owing to its therapeutic efficacy, Sudan earns a big chunk of forex. Not only that a wide range of wild, medicinal plants are available galore but that many hybrids, seeds and siblings from other countries are adapted to grow in Sudan to make Sudan the herbal capital of Africa.
Plants of Sudan
Countless plants have already been gathered and researched for their curative effect. To list a few, Acacia Senegal is a multi-purpose plant elementally rich in nutritious content and medicinal properties. Aloe crassipes is good for laxative purpose. Disogeninand is rich in protein. Citrullus colocynthis is best for gastro-intestinal complication and also used as anti-rheumatic cure.
Datur stamonium contains hyoscine, hyoscyamine, alkaloids and atropine. Eucalyptus globulus cures asthma. Tamarindus indica is a proven method against malaria and the list never stops. All the plants and animals of Sudan have long set an image all over the world due to the naturally ingrained substance.
Animals Of Sudan
Sudan, with its vast deserts and savannas, is safe abode of animals with myriad species and range. Baboon is seen galore in the desert. The addax is one of the many types of antelopes with a large physical pattern and 40-inch long horns. Gerbil is only found in the desert of Sudan and it has four species: Burton’s gerbil, Lowe’s gerbil, Principal gerbil and four-spotted gerbil.
The Cat Snake (Telescopus gezirae) and the Sudan Blind Snake (Myriopholis) are some of the reptiles found only in Sudan. Mongalla gazelles, ostriches, species of birds, crocodiles, lions, leopards, elephants, etc. make an exhilarating sight altogether. Barbary sheep (Auodad) is a sheep with strong, muscular legs and big horns which can climb mountains with ease. With rare animals, insects and birds only found in this country, the plants and animals of Sudan offer a perfect ensemble with spectacular features.
Photo Credit: Ugandatravelguide.com
Freshwater fish include Catfish Clarias (or Allabenchelys); Engelseni (elephantfish Petrocephalus keatingii). Insects found only in Sudan include rove beetle Micrillus sudanicus, ground beetle Chlaenius colasi. Mammals like Tubulidentata are characterized by their teeth; Hyracoidea (hyraxes) is a herbivorous mammal; African Bush Elephant is the largest living land animal; range of rodents and the large rat-type Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures) can be found roaming in various parts of Sudan.
Sirenia is a water-bound order of herbivorous mammal. The Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons) is only found in Sudan. Philodota (the earliest fossil pangolin); the order Cetacea (whales, dolphins and porpoises); carnivorans such as Sand Cat, Lion, Fennec, African Wild Dog, etc add beauty and asset to the plants and animals of Sudan.