Zambia, the landlocked country of Southern Africa has been scoring quite high with its spectacular line of monuments from various chronological periods. Eye-catching monuments from the pre-historic, colonial and independence eras have all added to a long list.
Zambia has also got a number of industrial monuments and few from the modern age too. All these varied kinds of sites depict a lot about the Zambian lifestyle and day to day implementations. The Dag Hammerskjold Memorial is the spot where the Secretary General of the United Nations was killed by a plane crash. Legco is an independence avenue and is an acclaimed historical site for legislative events from Zambia’s post and colonial independence times.
Zambian Historical Monuments
The Mkomo Rock Shelter, situated at Chipata, belongs to the Iron Age and is famous for its beautiful paintings. So is the repute of Mwela, Thandwe, Zawi Hill, Nsalu Cave, Kundabwika, Ayrshire and Rocklands rock art. Cultural sequence of the Stone Age can be largely identified from the Victorial Falls archaeological sites at Livingston. Monuments that were erected during the independence period mainly consist of houses with specific numbers; these buildings owe their significance to different delegates and sought after representatives of the nation. For example, No. E1376 Bwacha House, located at the Musuku Road, is famous because Dr K D Kuanda of the Zambia African National Congress was elected President on March 1958.
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Old Chilenje House No.280 was the first ever office of the African National Congress of Zambia. The former house of Gabriel Mugabe, the Zimbabwe prime minister is a notable monument as well. Other mentionable buildings are Freedom House, Lubwa House and Kabompo House No. J11a.
Administrator’s House, Fort Monze, Niamkola Church, Fort Elwes and Von Lettow-Vorbeck Memorial have always attracted tourists from all around the world. “The Good News” monument honours the launch of the steamship of London Missionary Society. Another important monument is The Administrator’s House.
Natural Features And Other Historic Sites
There are innumerable lakes, falls, pools and forest reserves famous for their extraordinary natural glamour. The Chirundu Fossil Forest exhibits fossils as old as 50,000 years. Mbala district’s Kalambo Falls is a famous archaeological location for early human habitat. The Zambezi Source shows the source of River Zambezi and is also a well known botanical reserve.
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Many of the Zambian buildings have not been specifically declared to be national monuments but they are equally important.
The Otto Beit Bridge, for instance is the first recent suspension bridge having parallel cables. Broken Hill Mine stores the Broken Hill Mine fossil and hence has been observed by a memorial. The Victoria Falls Bridge was built in the year 1905 and is remarkably famous as the first railway and even the first major bridge. The Saint Andrews Church at Livingstone was built in 1910-11 to remember David Livinstone.
The independence movement conferences used to be held at Mulungushi Rock of Kabwe and this dates back to 1960. The High Court of Livingstone was erected in 1910 to match with the trip of the Duke and Duchess of Cannaught.